Condoms and STD Prevention

Fact Sheet for Public Health Personnel: Male Latex Condoms and Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Source: Department of Health and Human Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Description: This fact sheet presents the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s key messages on the effectiveness of condoms in preventing STDs.

Key Statistics:

  • When used consistently and effectively, condoms are highly effective in preventing transmission of HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.
  • Correct and consistent use of condoms can reduce the risk of discharge diseases including gonorrhea, Chlamydia, and trichomoniasis.
  • Correct and consistent use of condoms can reduce the risk of genital ulcer diseases including herpes, syphilis, and chancroid.
  • Condom use is associated with a lower rate of cervical cancer, an HPV-related disease.

To View this Resource click here: www.cdc.gov/nchstp/od/latex.htm


Workshop Summary: Scientific Evidence on Condom Effectiveness for Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Prevention

 

Source: Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Description: Published in 2001, this report presents the findings of a workshop to evaluate the effectiveness of latex male condoms in preventing STDs including HIV. The effort was led by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), in association with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID).

Key Statistics:

  • Beyond mutual lifelong monogamy among uninfected couples, condom-use is the only method for reducing the risk of HIV infection and STDs available to sexually active individuals.

To View this Resource click here: www3.niaid.nih.gov/research/topics/STI/pdf/condomreport.pdf


Effect of Condoms on Reducing the Transmission of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 from Men to Women

Source: Anna Wald, et al, “Effect of Condoms on Reducing the Transmission of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 from Men to Women,” Journal of the American Medical Association 285.4 (June 2001).

Description: This report presents the findings of a study to determine the effectiveness of condoms in reducing Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2.

Key Statistics:

  • Younger age and more frequent sexual activity were associated with higher risk for Herpes Simplex 2.
  • Condom use during more than 25% of sex acts was associated with protection against Herpes Simplex 2 for women but not for men.
  • Condom use offers significant protection against Herpes Simplex 2 among susceptible women.
  • Changes in sexual behavior, correlated with counseling about avoiding sex when a partner has lesions, were associated with reduction of Herpes Simplex 2 cases over time.

To View this Resource click here: www.jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/285/24/3100 or contact your local librarian.

If you have difficulty finding this article, you may contact SIECUS at www.siecus.org/feedback.html


The Effect of Correct and Consistent Condom Use on Chlamydial and Gonococcal Infection Among Urban Adolescentso Women

Source: Gabriela Paz-Bailey, et al, “The Effect of Correct and Consistent Condom Use on Chlamydial and Gonococcal Infection Among Urban Adolescents,” Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 159.6 (June 2005): 536–542.

Description: This report presents the findings of a study to determine the effectiveness of condoms in reducing Chlamydia and gonorrhea.

Key Statistics:

  • Both correct and consistent condom use was reported by only 80 patients (16%).
  • Correct and consistent use was associated with a significant reduction in Chlamydia.
  • Correct and consistent use was associated with a significant reduction in gonorrhea.
  • No adolescent girls were infected with gonorrhea if they and their partner(s) used condoms consistently and correctly.

To View this Resource click here: www.archpedi.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/159/6/536

If you have difficulty finding this article, you may contact SIECUS at www.siecus.org/feedback.html

Condom Use and the Risk of Genital Human Papillomavirus Infection in Young Women

Source: Rachel L. Winer, et al, “Condom Use and the Risk of Genital Human Papillomavirus Infection in Young Women,” New England Journal of Medicine 354.25 (June 22, 2006): 2645–2654.

Description: This report presents the findings of a study to determine the effectiveness of condoms in reducing HPV infection.

Key Statistics:

  • Among newly sexually active women, consistent condom use reduced the risk of HPV infection by 70%.
  • Women whose partners used condoms more than half of the time had a 50% risk reduction, as compared with those whose partners used condoms less than 5% of the time.

To View this Resource click here: www.content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/354/25/2645


U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Report to Congress: Prevention of Genital Human Papillomavirus Infection

 

Source: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Report to Congress: Prevention of Genital Human Papillomavirus Infection (Jan. 2004)

Description: This study presents the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) findings on effectiveness of condoms in reducing HPV infection. The CDC presented these findings to the U.S. Congress.

Key Statistics:

  • According to the CDC, available studies suggest that condoms reduce the risk of genital warts and cervical cancer.

To View this Resource click here: www.cdc.gov/std/HPV/2004HPV%20Report.pdf

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